Matter is everything about us. Matter can be a solid, liquid or gas. Water is the only usual substance on planet that is naturally discovered as a solid, fluid or gas. 

Water is the only typical substance the is naturally discovered as a solid, fluid or gas. 

Solids, liquids and also gases are recognized as states of matter. 

What is matter?

Matter is everything approximately us.

You are watching: Why is a gas easier to compress than a liquid or a solid

Scientists usage the word matter to define anything the takes up an are and has actually mass.

Matter is made up of tiny particles, including;

atomsand groups of atoms dubbed molecules

Atoms are choose individual LEGO blocks. They space the the smallest unit the anything deserve to be easily broken down into. If atoms are choose LEGO blocks, molecules are what girlfriend can construct with them. 

The means atoms and molecules are arranged affects the state in i beg your pardon the issue is.


Right now, girlfriend are probably sitting top top a chair in ~ a desk, or standing on the floor of her classroom. The chair, desk and floor space all solids. A heavy is other that deserve to hold its own shape and also is tough to compress (squash). 

The corpuscle in most solids are closely packed together. Also though the particles are locked right into place and also cannot relocate or slide past each other, they tho vibrate a little.

Ice is water in the solid kind or state. Ice cream keeps that shape once frozen, even if that is eliminated from that container. However, ice is different from many solids since its molecules are much less densely packed than in fluid water so ice takes up a little much more space 보다 the very same amount of fluid water. This is why ice cream floats. The is additionally why old pipes deserve to crack and burst as soon as the water inside them freezes.


The easiest way to decide if miscellaneous is a liquid is to ask this question: If I shot and relocate it indigenous one container to another by make the efforts to to water it, will it take on the form of the brand-new container?

If you have actually a glass that water and pour that into an additional glass, it plainly conforms – the takes on the form of the glass. If you spill the water, it will certainly go everywhere. Because it no in a container, that conforms come the shape of the floor, do a big puddle!

In most liquids, the corpuscle are much less densely packed, for this reason they deserve to move around and slide past each other. While a fluid is less complicated to compress 보다 a solid, that is quiet quite daunting – imagine trying come compress water in a container.

Water is an example of a liquid, and also so are milk, juice and also lemonade.

What other instances of liquids deserve to you come up with?


The atoms and molecules in gases space much more spread out 보다 in solids or liquids. Castle vibrate and move openly at high speeds. A gas will fill any container, but if the container is not sealed, the gas will escape. Gas have the right to be compressed much more easily than a liquid or solid. (Think around a diving tank – 600L that gas is compressed right into a 3L cylinder.) best now, you are breathing in wait – a mixture that gases include many facets such as oxygen and also nitrogen.

Water vapour is the gaseous form or state of water. Unlike ice cream or water, water vapour is invisible. We exhale water vapour whenever us breathe out. We cannot see the water vapour together we exhale, but if we organize our glass or a smartphone to our mouths, we deserve to see the water vapour condensing (becoming liquid) on these objects as it cools.

Can you find out if there are any kind of other says of matter?



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Water is the only typical substance that is discovered as a solid, liquid and also gas. All three claims of water deserve to be viewed in this photo. Image:

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Because ice is less dense than water, ice floats. In Antarctica the sea ice is thick sufficient in areas to journey on and also even land planes. Image:

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Water vapour is invisible and can just be seen as soon as it cools and condenses into clouds or water droplets on cold surfaces. Image: