Polymers are substances comprised from countless smaller sub-units, chemically join together.

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These smaller sized sub-units space molecules called monomers.
This diagram to represent a number of monomers.
Biological molecules space joined together usinga chemistry reaction referred to as urbanbreathnyc.comndensation
.This forms a chemical bond between the 2 molecules with the elimination of water, therefore a molecule the water is developed for every bond. Actually, -H is taken native one side and -OH indigenous the other.This computer animation shows a tiny polymer being gathered from six monomers. Tip: store the mouse pointer turn off the space above - it resets the display until that is clicked on.
The opposite process to urbanbreathnyc.comndensation is hydrolysis
, which division the bond(s) in the polymer come release smaller sized molecules (often individual monomers).

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This requires a water molecule to separation the bond. This to add -H to one side and -OH to the other. This is what wake up in digestion.This computer animation shows a polymer being broken down right into dimers.

Examples of organic monomers and polymers:

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Monomers are built up by urbanbreathnyc.comndensation into: Polymers
Monosaccharides (simple sugars) Polysaccharides
Amino-acids Polypeptides and also proteins
Nucleotides Nucleic acids
Polymers are damaged down by hydrolysis into: Monomers
Polysaccharides Monosaccharides (simple sugars)
Polypeptides and proteins Amino-acids
Nucleic acids Nucleotides
The procedures of urbanbreathnyc.comndensation and also hydrolysis, and biological molecules are faced in various ways ~ above this site:
urbanbreathnyc.comndensation and also hydrolysis - resulting in other webpages with number of animations the the processes Molecular framework of gluurbanbreathnyc.comse and other carbohydrate - bring about other webpages v 3-D interactive moleculesAmino acid framework - a an easy webpage with much more mouseover interaction

Other topics in this series (Biological Chemicals)

carbohydrate - Monosaccharides, disaccharides, polysaccharides Lipids - fatty acids, triglycerides, phospholipids proteins - Amino acids, polypeptides enzyme - Hydrolysis and synthesis of biological chemicals every take place under enzyme urbanbreathnyc.comntrolpH and also hydrogen ion urbanbreathnyc.comncentration - every to execute with dissociation that water and also resulting ionic urbanbreathnyc.comncentrations ATP - The energy money of the cellNucleic acids - Nucleotides, DNA, RNA, and of urbanbreathnyc.comurse Ribose and also deoxyriboseDNA replication - doubling of the twin helixWater - The biological Significance that Water, and Molecular Explanation not natural ions - Hydrogen, iron, sodium, phosphate