Music Appreciation test 4 classical Era

What is a music Idea used as a building block in a composition? A theme
What is development of a design template using variation in it's melodic outline, rhythm or harmony? Thematic Development
What is the smallest melodic or rhythmic unit the a theme? A motive
Absolute music is defined as....

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No prescribed story or text to host the music together. The story is the music itself.
The classical era is often referred to as what? The Rococo Era
What is melody centric? What the timeless era is regularly referred to as...  an interpretation single melodic line through a basic chordal accompaniment (homophony) 
What is conventional multimovement cycle three or 4 movements in prescribed forms and tempos
The an initial Movement of the typical multi-movement bike is commonly in what form? Sonata-allegro form
The 2nd Movement the the typical multi-movement cycle is characterized by what? Usually a slow movement characterized by lyrical melodies and also is in a shortened sonata type or a theme and variations
The 3rd Movement is normally in what form? often in a dance kind and most typically the minuet and also trio
which dance type usually has two contrasting dances with the return the the very first dance to conclude the set. Minuet and Trio
What develops were the fourth Movement the the common multi-movement cycle usually in? another sonata-allegro kind or a spirited rondo.
Sonata-allegro form's three key sections were called what? 1) exposition 2) advance 3) Recapitulation
Which part of the Sonata-allegro kind stated the two opposing themes and their keys? exposition
Which component of the sonata-allegro form features the most tension and also drama through modulation and also motivic interplay? development
Which part of the sonata-allegro type restates the an initial and 2nd themes, both in the tonic key, and also is the psychological climax of the form? recapitulation
Which genre grew in the classical era, having it's 'Golden Age'? Chamber Music
*Chamber Music is an ensemble because that how countless players? How many players every part? ensemble music for 2 to about ten performers, v one player per part
The wire Quartet is made up of what? two violins, viola, and also cello
The wire Quartet in the classic Era was considered.... the most necessary chamber music genre of the era.
*Joseph Hayden worked where? how old was he? he worked under the patronage that the Esterhazy court in the timeless Era at the age of 29.
What/Who's cable Quartet was written for the emperor, ending up being the nationwide anthem the Germany? Hayden's wire Quartet Op. 76, No. 3
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart to be most famous for what? for being a son prodigy who began to compose music before the age of five.
What 6 genre's walk Mozart add to? the symphony, sonata, room music, concerto, sacred music, and various types of operas.
Who's music is remarkable for lyrical melodies, vibrant orchestration, and also dramatic content? Mozart's music
Who was a choir boy of Vienna? Joseph Hayden
Joseph Hayden received phenomenal music success after native what? from two trips to England.
Mozart rebelled against what? What to be the result? he rebelled against the Patronage system, and struggled to attain financial independence.
Mozart died at what age? 35 years old.
Which genre to be the central position in room music the the classical era? the cable Quartet
Which serenade's very first movement, by Mozart, is a good example that the sonata-allegro form? Eine Kleine Nachtmusik, ns (A little Night Music)
Classical Symphony had its root where? in the Italian opera overture
How many movements to be in the Pre-Classical Symphonies? three movements
The three activities of the Pre-Classical Symphonies were acquired from where? the fast-slow-fast sections of the Italian opera overture
What kind of music has no prescribed story or text to host the music together and the story is the music? Absolute Music
The typical Multi-movement bike is often employed in what genres? the Symphony, the Sonata, the string Quartet, the Concerto and also many other miscellaneous genres
Which activity of the typical multi-movement bicycle is generally the most highly organized and the longest movement? the very first movement of the common multi-movement cycle
The minuet and trio was replaced by what? When? the scherzo replaced this by the early on 19th century
Which section came 1st in the sonata-allegro form? exposition
Which ar came 2nd in the sonata-allegro form? development
Which ar came 3rd in the sonata-allegro form? recapitulation
What genre was considered the most important Chamber Music the the timeless era? Chamber Music
What is a rocket theme? the use of quick, aggressive rhythmic theme increasing from low to high register
What is the steamroller effect? drawn the end crescendos, progressively gathering force as they increased to a climax
What were 3 that the main contributions to the timeless symphony do by composers in Mannheim, Germany? the rocket theme, steamroller effect and the addition of the minuet and also trio creating a 4 motion cycle.
What to be the variety of players frequently in a classic Orchestra? 30-40 players
What ar was the 'heat' of the classic orchestra? the wire section
How numerous movements were frequently in the classical Symphony? 4 movements
What type was the very first movement that the classic Symphony in? sonata-allegro form
The second movement of the classical Symphony was normally in what form? Slow, and usually in one of the following: theme and variation, modified sonata-allegro, or, many typically, in three-part A-B-A form.
The 3rd movement of the classic Symphony was usually a what? a minuet and also trio (replaced by schirzo by end of the classical era)
The 4th movement of the timeless Symphony was normally what pace and also in what form? Usually fast in sonata-allegro form or a rondo, serving as the finale.
What nick name did Hayden receive? "Father that the Symphony"
Who was the "Father that the Symphony"? Joseph Hayden
How numerous works did he add to the timeless Symphony? over 100
What walk Beethoven do after rejected Patronage and how did he assistance himself financially? he ended up being a freelance musician and supported self by teaching music lessons.
What go Beethoven endure from later on in life? Hearing loss
How plenty of symphonies walk Beethoven produce? Why to be this still taken into consideration significant? Beethoven developed 9 symphonies, yet all were thought about the pinnacle the the genre
Which composer's compositional progression lead right into the Romantic era? Beethoven
How many forms walk the classic concerto have and what's the temp? three activities that alternative fast-slow-fast
What is among the unique features that the solo concerto? the cadenza
What is the cadenza? A somewhat improvised solo passage the interrupts the activity towards the end.
What impact does the cadenza have? How? The cadenza has actually a dramatic effect: the orchestra drops silent and the soloist launches right into a cost-free play that fantasy ~ above one or much more themes that the movement
What go the term concerto imply? the the opposite of 2 dissimilar elements, such together soloist, or solo group, vs one orchestra
What is the an initial movement that the timeless Concerto form? sometimes described as a sonata-allegro kind with a dual exposition... The orchestra normally plays the an initial exposition v the soloist playing the second.

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Who typically plays the an initial exposition in the first movement that the classic Concerto? the Orchestra
Who typically plays the second exposition in the an initial movement that the classic Concerto? the soloist
The 2nd movement that the classical Concerto is generally at what tempo? What form of melodies go it commonly feature? Slow, typically Andante, adagio, or largo, special songlike melodies
What room the features describing the 3rd movement of the classic Concerto? Really fast, through a temp the Allegro or Presto. Usually much shorter than the an initial movement, in rondo form. Often features a cadenza the brings the item to one end.
What often highlights the virtuosity that the soloist in timeless Concertos? the cadenza
Classical Sonatas were collection for whom? one solo instrument (often the piano forte), or because that duos
Who's sonata's to be the most crucial in keyboard literature? Beethoven's and also Mozart's
How countless piano sonatas walk Beethoven write? Beethoven wrote 32 piano sonatas
What to be the leading choral develops of the classical era? Mass, Requiem Mass, and also oratorio
A musical setup of the many solemn service of the roman Catholic Church is called, what? Mass
What is a musical setup for the dead called? Requiem Mass
What is the genre the is generally concentrated on a biblical story called? oratorio
Serious Opera is called what? Opera seria
What was comic opera called in Italy? opera buffa
What to be comic opera referred to as in Germany? Singspiel
What to be comic opera called in France? opera comique
What to be comic opera called in England? ballad or dialogue opera
What changed about choral music indigenous the Baroque era to the timeless era? these genres were no longer solely performed in the church and found their method into the concert hall
Opera was popular during what era? the classic era
Which opera form featured recitatives and also arias? opera seria
The recitatives and arias featured in opera seria were particularly designed to carry out what? display the virtuosity of the star singers
Who reformed opera seria, creating a extremely expressive drama through a most crows appeal? Gluck
What format of opera grew in every countries? comic operas
Which social course was the opera seria famous for? aristocrats
What was the response of the aristocratic opera seria? comic operas
Which social class was the comic opera well-known for? middle class
What language to be comic operas usually in? the vernacular
Who had a central role in the comic operas? the buffo
Who to be the buffo? A buffoon that spoke the the audience in a base voice
what tonality was the buffo's voice? bass