Will Kenton is an experienced on the economy and also investing laws and regulations. He previously held an elderly editorial functions at urbanbreathnyc.com and also Kapitall Wire and holds a MA in economics from The new School for Social Research and also Doctor of ideology in English literary works from NYU.\" data-inline-tooltip=\"true\">Will Kenton
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Will Kenton is an professional on the economy and also investing laws and regulations. He previously held senior editorial duties at urbanbreathnyc.com and Kapitall Wire and holds a MA in business economics from The brand-new School for Social Research and Doctor of viewpoint in English literature from NYU.

You are watching: Which of the following industries has the highest concentration ratio?


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Toby Walters is a financial writer, investor, and lifelong learner. He has a enthusiasm for evaluating economic and financial data and sharing it through others.

What Is Concentration Ratio?

The concentration ratio, in economics, is a proportion that shows the size of this firm in relationship to their industry as a whole. Low concentration ratio in an industry would indicate higher competition amongst the that company in the industry, contrasted to one v a ratio nearing 100%, which would certainly be obvious in an industry characterized by a true monopoly.


The concentration proportion compares the dimension of that company in relation to their market as a whole.Low concentration proportion indicates better competition in an industry, compared to one with a ratio nearing 100%, which would certainly be a monopoly.An oligopoly is evident when the top 5 firms in the market account for more than 60% of total market sales, according to the concentration ratio.

expertise the Concentration ratio

The concentration ratio indicates whether an market is consisted of of a few large that company or many small firms. The four-firm concentration ratio, which is composed of the sector share the the 4 largest this firm in an industry, expressed together a percentage, is a commonly used concentration ratio. Similar to the four-firm concentration ratio, the eight-firm concentration ratio is calculated for the industry share the the eight largest firms in an industry. The three-firm and also five-firm space two much more concentration ratios that deserve to be used.


Concentration ratio Formula and Interpretation

The concentration proportion is calculated as the amount of the industry share percentage held by the biggest specified variety of firms in an industry. The concentration ratio varieties from 0% come 100%, and also an industry\"s concentration ratio shows the degree of compete in the industry. A concentration ratio that varieties from 0% to 50% may indicate that the industry is perfect competitive and also is considered a low concentration.


A rule of ignorance is the an oligopoly exists when the top five firms in the market account for an ext than 60% of complete market sales. If the concentration proportion of one company is equal to 100%, this suggests that the market is a monopoly.


instance Calculation

Assume that abc Inc., XYZ Corp., GHI Inc., and also JKL Corp. Room the four largest companies in the biotechnology industry, and an economist aims to calculate the degree of competition. Because that the most recent budget year, alphabet Inc., XYZ Corp., GHI Inc., and also JKL Corp. Have actually market shares of 10%, 15%, 26%, and also 33%, respectively. Consequently, the biotech industry\"s four-firm concentration ratio is 84%. Therefore, the ratio shows that the biotech sector is an oligopoly. The same might be calculate for an ext or much less than 4 of the optimal companies in the industry. The concentration ratio only indicates the competitiveness of the industry and whether one industry complies with an oligopolistic industry structure.

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Herfindahl-Herschman table of contents

The Herfindahl-Herschman index (HHI) is an alternative indicator of certain size, calculated by squaring the portion share (stated together a entirety number) of every firm in one industry, then summing these squared sector shares to have an HHI. The HHI has actually a fair amount of correlation come the concentration ratio and can be a far better measure of sector concentration.