For windows to start, the system and also boot partitions need to contain the files detailed in Table-4.

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Table-4 windows Startup Files

File NameDisk LocationDescriptionBootMgrRoot of the mechanism partitionThe home windows Boot Manager.WinLoad%SystemRoot%\\System32The home windows Boot Loader.BCD\\BootA paper that states the paths to operating mechanism installations and other information compelled for windows to start.Ntoskrnl.exe%SystemRoot%\\System32The main point (also called the kernel) of the windows operating system. Code that runsas part of the kernel does therefore in privileged processor mode and also has direct accessibility to mechanism data and also hardware.Hal.dll%SystemRoot%\\System32The HAL dynamic-link library (DLL) file. The HAL abstracts low-level hardware detailsfrom the operating system and also provides a common programming user interface to tools of the same type (such as video clip adapters).Smss.exe%SystemRoot%\\System32The conference Manager file. Conference Manager is a user-mode procedure created by the kernelduring startup. It handles an essential startup tasks including creating page files and performing delayed file rename and delete operations.Csrss.exe%SystemRoot%\\System32The Win32 Subsystem file. The Win32 Subsystem is started by conference Manager and also is required by home windows to function.Winlogon.exe%SystemRoot%\\System32The Logon procedure file, which handle user logon requests and intercepts the Ctrl+Alt+Delete logon key sequence. TheLogon process is started by conference Manager. This is a compelled feature.Services.exe%SystemRoot%\\System32The company Control Manager is responsible for starting and avoiding services and is a required feature of Windows.Lsass.exe%SystemRoot%\\System32The regional Security Authentication Server procedure is referred to as by the Logon process when authenticating users and is a forced feature.System registry file%SystemRoot%\\System32 \\Config\\SystemThe record that includes data offered to produce the registry vital HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\\SYSTEM.This key contains info that the operating mechanism requires to start devices and also system services.Device drivers%SystemRoot%\\System32 \\DriversDriver records in this folder space for hardware devices, such as keyboard, mouse, and video.
In Table-4, the term %SystemRoot% is one of many environment variables offered toassociate wire values, such as folder or paper paths, to variables that windows applications andservices use.

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For example, by using setting variables, scripts have the right to run without modificationon computers that have different configurations. To acquire a list of atmosphere variables thatyou have the right to use for troubleshooting, form set in ~ the windows command prompt.

In this tutorial:

Configuring Startup and also Troubleshooting Startup IssuesWhat is new with home windows StartupBoot configuration DataBCD StoresSystem RecoveryWindows boot Performance DiagnosticsUnderstanding the Startup ProcessPower-on self Test PhaseInitial Startup PhaseInitial Startup Phase because that BIOS ComputersInitial Startup Phase for EFI ComputersWindows boots Manager PhaseWindows boots Loader PhaseKernel Loading PhaseControl SetsValues because that the start Registry EntryValue descriptions for type EntriesOther registry Entries in the Servicename SubkeysSession ManagerLogon PhaseImportant Startup FilesHow come Configure Startup SettingsHow to usage the Startup and Recovery Dialog BoxHow to usage the system Configuration ToolHow to use BCDEditHow to interpret BCDEdit OutputHow to back Up and also Restore SettingsHow to change the Default Operating mechanism EntryHow to adjust the Boot food selection Time-OutHow to change the bespeak of boot Manager food selection ItemsHow to develop an entry for an additional Operating SystemHow to eliminate a boot EntryHow come View and Update global Debugger SettingsHow to remove the home windows 7 boots LoaderHow come Configure a User Account to automatically Log OnHow to Disable the home windows Startup SoundHow to rate Up the Startup ProcessThe procedure of Troubleshooting StartupStartup Troubleshooting prior to the starting Windows logo design AppearsHow to start the device Recovery ToolsHow to run Startup RepairHow to use BootRec.exeHow to Diagnose Hardware ProblemsHow to Use device RestoreHow come Manually repair the boots SectorHow to Manually upgrade the BCD it is registered FileHow come Manually replace FilesHow to Reinstall WindowsStartup Troubleshooting after the beginning Windows logo design AppearsHow to reclaim the critical Known an excellent ConfigurationHow to enable Boot LoggingHow to begin in for sure ModeHow to determine Failing Drivers and also ServicesHow to analysis Startup problems in safe ModeEvent Viewer (Eventvwr.msc)System InformationError report ServiceHow to Use maker Manager to see or change ResourcesHow to analyze Boot LogsHow come Roll ago DriversHow come Temporarily Disable a ServiceTroubleshooting Startup problems After LogonHow come Temporarily Disable Startup Applications and ProcessesHow come Disable Startup Applications utilizing the shift KeyHow come Disable Startup Programs utilizing the mechanism Configuration UtilityHow come Disable Startup Applications Configured Using team Policy or Logon ScriptsHow come Permanently Disable Startup Applications and ProcessesManually eliminate the Entry
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