Adopted in 1905, the flag functions three stars representing the grand departments of the state: East, Middle and also West. The stars are bound with each other in indissoluble unity by an infinite white band.

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Two official salutes to the Tennessee flag have actually been adopted.

The first official salute was composed by Lucy Steele Harrison and adopted in 1981:\"Three white stars top top a ar of blueGod store them solid and ever before trueIt is v pride and love that weSalute the Flag the Tennessee.\"

The second official salute was composed by miss out on John Bostick and embraced in 1987:\"Flag of Tennessee, i salute theeTo thee i pledge mine allegiance withMy affection, mine service and also my life.\"


Tennessee cavern Salamander

The Tennessee cave Salamander, Gyrinophilu palleucus, to be named official state amphibian in 1995. This large, cave-dwelling salamander has actually three red outside gills, a broad, level head with small eyes and also a tail fin. The is many often uncovered in limestone caves that contain streams in central and south east Tennessee. 



Milk was designated as the official state beverage in 2009.

Milk is crucial component to building strong muscle and also bones in children, and also mending hurt muscle and also bones in adults. Various other benefits cited include milk’s aid in building strong and healthy and balanced teeth, hair, skin and nails. Tennessee’s dairy industry produced practically 100 million pounds of milk in 2007, v cash receipts because that milk and milk assets totaling nearly $202 million.



The Mockingbird, Mimus polyglottos, to be selected as the official state bird in 1933.

The Mockingbird is akin come the Brown Thrasher and also the Catbird. It is ashen gray above, v darker, white-edged wings and also whitish under parts; that is length, inclusive of the lengthy tail, is around 10 inches. Among the ideal singers among North American birds, it possesses a melodious track of that own, and is especially detailed for its skill in mimicking the song of other birds.


Bobwhite Quail

The Bobwhite Quail, genus Colinus virginianus, was designated together the official state video game bird in 1987. The Bobwhite, additionally known as the Partridge, is taken into consideration one that the ideal game bird in the world. That is a short-tailed chunky brown bird, typically 8 come 10 customs long. The male has actually a white throat and a white stripe over the eye, when the female has a buffy throat and eye stripe. In feather the male’s clearly whistled bob white is answer by the female’s four-syllable whistle. This game bird lays native 10 come 20 pure white eggs, an ext than almost any various other bird.


Zebra Swallowtail

The Zebra Swallowtail, Eurytides marcellus, to be designated as Tennessee\"s official butterfly in 1995. This beautiful, winged insect has black and also white stripes that run the size of that body through red and also blue spots on its reduced back. The swallowtail grow from a tiny egg right into a caterpillar that eventually molts right into its pupal stage and is transformed into this highlight butterfly that have the right to be found throughout most of the united States.


Smallmouth Bass

Tennessee’s official sport fish is the smallmouth bass, designated in 2005.

The smallmouth bass changed the largemouth base as the official sport fish in 2005, due to its popularity and the reality that Tennessee has produced the five largest smallmouth bass in the world. The smallmouth bass, Micropterus dolomieu, frequently referred to as \"bronzeback,\" will certainly fight oz for oz harder than any other varieties of sport fish in Tennessee. The present state record, i m sorry is additionally the people record of 11 pounds, 15 ounces, was recorded by D.L. Hayes in ~ Dale hole Lake top top July 9, 1955. It might be discovered in many streams and also lakes in the state v the exemption of West Tennessee.


Channel Catfish

The state commercial fish is the Channel Catfish, Ictalurus lacustris, which was additionally designated in 1987. The Channel Catfish, sometimes well-known as \"Spotted Cat\" or \"Fiddler,\" is extensively stocked and reared in farm yard ponds. It may be uncovered in most Tennessee streams and also many lakes. The channel catfish is a bottom-feeder and current feeder, generally taken by quiet fishing.



The Iris, genus Iridaceae, is the official state cultivated flower. It is one herbaceous perennial that which there are around 170 species, including several north American varieties, the most common of i beg your pardon is the Blue Flag. While there room several different colors among the Iris, and the act naming the iris together the state flower did no name a specific color, by common acceptance the purple iris is taken into consideration the state flower.


Passion Flower

The passion Flower, genus Passiflora, is one of the official state wildflowers. It grow wild in the southern component of the united States and in southern America, is also commonly recognized as the maypop, the wild apricot and also the ocoee. The critical is the Indian name that has likewise been applied to the Ocoee River and valley. The indians prized the Ocoee as the many abundant and also beautiful the all their flowers. The enthusiasm Flower obtained its surname from the beforehand Christian missionaries to south America, who saw in the various parts that the curiously constructed flower signs of the Crucifixion—the 3 crosses, the crown that thorns, nails and cords.


Tennessee Coneflower

The Tennessee Coneflower, Echinacea tennesseensis, is among the official state wildflowers. It is uncovered only in the limestone and also cedar glades of center Tennessee. That was assumed to it is in extinct till it was rediscovered in the so late 1960s. In 1979 that was among the first plants to detailed as threatened by the U.S. Due to the conservancy efforts, land was purchased to safeguard it, and also the varieties recovered. It to be designated in 2012.



Pterotrigonia (Scabrotrigonia) thoracica is the official state fossil, to be designated in 1998. Pterotrigonia (Scabrotrigonia) thoracica (nicknamed \"Ptero\") to be cretaceous bivalve fossil discovered in the Coon Creek formation of West Tennessee. It was a shallow-burrowing suspension feeder that inhabited the s floor that was West Tennessee 70 million years ago. Shells the \"Ptero\" are preserved unaltered in great abundance and are quickly recognized through collectors. \"Ptero\" currently is extinct. In fact, the extinction event that was responsible because that the demise of the dinosaurs 65 million years earlier may have contributed to the demise of Ptero (Scabrotrigonia) thoracica.



The Tomato, scientifically well-known as the Lycopersicon lycopersicum, to be designated as Tennessee’s official state fruit in 2003.


Tennessee flow Pearls

Tennessee river Pearls come in all colors and also they space \"natural\" -- just the means the mussel made them.

The Caney Fork in middle Tennessee was listed for the pearl-bearing mussels, and \"pearling\" to be a favorite sports on Sunday afternoons in ~ the rotate of the century. After people War I, dams were constructed on many of the rivers, and also the mussels lost their swift and shallow shoals. Also, the waters became much more toxic and pearling came to be unprofitable. But, Tennessee flow pearls are amongst the most beautiful and durable in the world. It to be designated as an main state gem in 1979.


Tennessee wade Horse

The Tennessee Walking steed was called the official state horse in 2000. The Tennessee Walking equine is bred greatly from Standardbred, Morgan, Thoroughbred, and also American Saddlebred stock. The three, easy-riding gaits of this breed: the flat-foot walk, the to run walk, and the canter, space all natural, inherited characteristics, do this breed one of the smoothest riding steeds in the world. This breed to be a useful utility horse in the beginning and evolved into a pleasure steed with its gentle ride. Tennessee Walking horses generally range from 14.3 come 17 hands and also weigh 900 come 1,200 pounds.


Firefly (Lighurbanbreathnyc.coming bug Beetle)

The firefly, or lighurbanbreathnyc.coming bug beetle, is the renowned name of the luminescent insects of the Lampyridae family. In Tennessee, Photinus pyralls is the most familiar species. Their extraordinary irradiate is generated in distinct organs and also it is most regularly white, yellow, orange, greenish blue or reddish.

Rather small, they room blackish, brown, yellow or red in color. In certain types the females remain in the larvae state and also are referred to as glowworms. Many fireflies produce short rhythmic flicker which provide a signaling system to carry the sexes together and also a protective device to loss predators.


Ladybeetle (Ladybug)

The ladybeetle, an ext commonly called ladybug or ladybird beetle, is the famous name provided the Coccinella 7. This beetle was specialized to the Virgin Mary and called \"Beetle of our Lady.\" lock are about four-tenths of an inch long, brightly colored, round, v the famous ladybug having four black clues on every wing.

Ladybugs are offered to farmers to regulate insect pests since they are necessary aphid predators. The life cycle is about four weeks as the ladybug larvae passes v four expansion stages feeding ~ above insects and insect eggs.

In folk medicine ladybug beetles were provided to cure various conditions including colic and also the measles.



The official state farming insect is the Honeybee and also was designated in 1990.

The honeybee, Apis mellifera, is a social, honey-producing insect that plays a fundamental role in the manufacturing of all crops. The is also very popular because that its manufacturing of honey and also beeswax.

The honeybee dram a an essential economic function in Tennessee v its pollination of miscellaneous crops, trees, and also grasses. The honeybee is the only insect that deserve to be moved for the express purpose of pollination.



Agate is a cryptocrystalline quartz. This semiprecious gemstone is uncovered in only a few areas the the state. It to be designated as a state rock in 1969 and redesignated together the state mineral in 2009.


Eastern crate Turtle

The Eastern box Turtle, Terrapene carolina, was designated official state reptilein 1995. This serene creature generally reaches a size of less than 6 inches and has a covering of black color or brown v spots the yellow, orange and also red. This reptile usually lives between 30 to 60 years and never ventures much from its location of birth.



Found just about everywhere in Tennessee, limestone to be designated an official state rock in 1979. Tennessee marble, as the metamorphic variation of limestone is known, is widely offered in public and also private buildings.


The roman numerals XVI signify that Tennessee to be the 16th state to get in the Union. The plow, the sheaf the wheat and a noodle stalk represent the importance of agriculture, when the riverboat attests to the importance of river web traffic to commerce. This was adopted as the official state seal in 1987.


In 1999 the general Assembly embraced an official state tartan to commemorate the important component played by people of Scottish lower in the background of Tennessee. A tartan was designed with colors and also symbolism appropriate to this state:

Natural white, representing the unity of the 3 Grand divisions of the State the TennesseeDark green, representing the prestige of farming to the statePurple, representing the state flower, the IrisRed, representing the sacrifices made by Tennessee soldiers and also pioneersDark blue, representing the mountains of Tennessee


Tulip Poplar

The Tulip Poplar to be designated as an official state tree of Tennessee in 1947. As no state tree had actually ever before been designated, the fostering of an official tree seemed appropriate. The tulip poplar was chosen \"because it grows from one finish of the state to the other\" and also \"was extensively used by the pioneers the the state to build houses, barns, and also other necessary farm buildings.\"


Eastern Red Cedar

The east Red Cedar, Juniperus virginiana, was designated together the state evergreen tree in 2012. It is native to the entire state and was one of the earliest landscape trees supplied by early pioneers, such together Andrew Jackson in ~ the Hermitage. Cedar Knob to be the name of the floor upon i beg your pardon the State Capitol was built, and also the street at the foot that the capitol was referred to as Cedar Street (now Charlotte Avenue). The east red cedar is an integral part of an eco-friendly niche in Tennessee referred to as cedar glades, and also is a sacred tree of the Cherokee peoples.

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Wild Animal


In 1971, the Raccoon was embraced as Tennessee’s official wild animal. The Raccoon, Procyon lotor, is a furry pet that has a bushy, ringed tail and also a band of black hair roughly its eye which looks prefer a mask. Raccoons eat fish and also frogs that they capture in rivers and streams. Raccoons life in Tennessee weigh from 12 come 25 pounds. Most males are larger than females. Raccoons walk like bears, with all four feet on the ground, and are an excellent swimmers.