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A good example of Synthetic Cubism, Violin and Fruit by Picasso utilized papiercolle, which became known as: (a) papier mache. (b) collage. (c) photo montage.
PART FOUR: THE MODERN WORLD Chapter 21: Early Twentieth Century Vocabulary Expressionism Cubism collage Futurism Multiple Choice Questions 1.This artist, creator of Sleeping Muse I, believed that his sculptures revealed the essence of his forms. (a) Wassily Kandinsky (b) Pablo Picasso (c) Marcel Duchamp (d) Constantine Brancusi Answer: (d) Page Ref: 3662.Nude Descending a Staircase No. 2 by Marcel Duchamp was based in part on a(n): (a) Futurist manifesto (b) idea about motion (c) discussion with Picasso (d) chronophotograph Answer: (d) Page Ref: 3713.The artist that painted Composition IV, Wassily Kandinsky, felt that art led to a new: (a) politics (b) socialism (c) spirituality (d) monarchy Answer: (c) Page Ref: 3604.A good example of Synthetic Cubism, Violin and Fruit by Picasso utilized papier colle, which became known as: (a) papier mache (b) collage (c) photo montage (d) mixed media Answer: (b) Page Ref: 3645.In the Futurist sculpture Unique Forms of Continuity in Space by Umberto Boccioni, the artist attempts to fuse the sculptural form with: (a) space (b) texture (c) shape (d) line Answer: (a) Page Ref: 3706.Events that shook up the world at the beginning of the 20th century included Sigmund Freud’s work on the subconscious mind and the invention of: (a) the washing machine(b) the camera (c) the telegraph (d) the airplane Answer: (d) Page Ref: 354 7.Because of the 20th century’s rapid changes and discoveries, artists searching for new ways to express new realities felt they had to put aside dependence on: (a) the Classical period (b) the Age of Enlightenment (c) the Renaissance (d) the Baroque Answer: (c) Page Ref: 3558.The Futurists were inspired by Cubism and glorified: (a) Picasso (b) birds (c) speed (d) people Answer: (c) Page Ref: 3709.It was Marcel Duchamp who was responsible for bringing motion to: (a) Cubism (b) Futurism (c) Fauvism (d) Expressionism Answer: (a) Page Ref: 37110. Henri Matisse was the leader of which artistic movement? (a) Cubism (b) Fauvism (c) Expressionism (d) Futurism Answer: (b) Page Ref: 355 11. Picasso combined lessons from Cézanne with _______ sculpture to produce Les Demoiselles d’ Avignon. (a) African (b) Roman (c) Greek (d) Medieval Answer: (a) Page Ref: 361-62 Short Answer Questions 12. Identify the two groups associated with German Expressionism. 13. Define Fauvism and identify one artist associated with the movement. 14. Define “collage” and provide an example that best exemplifies this type of art. 15. Who was the first photographer to show modern European paintings in America? 16. Which country did Futurism originate? 17. What were Georgia O’Keeffe’s abstract works based on?18. What was the style that exemplified Frank Lloyd Wright’s conception of houses featuring open living spaces rather than separate rooms with doors? Essay Questions 19. Explain the revolutionary contributions to sculpture made by Constantine Brancusi, mentioning his Bird in Space as an example. 20. What were the driving forces of the German Expressionists? What influenced them? 21. What was unique about Picasso’s Guitar? Explain. 22. Discuss the evolution of Cubism using examples from the chapter. 23. Discuss the ideals of the Futurists. What innovations did they bring to art? 24. How did Americans become familiar with the new European styles in the early part of this century? Was this a good thing for American art? 25. Discuss how Georgia O’Keeffe and Alfred Stieglitz typify the modern spirit in early 20th century America.