L>Student source Glossary
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ablation Term used to describe some species of treatment of prostate cancer.
anuria The lack of urine development by the kidneys.
bright prostatic hyperplasia one enlargement the the prostate gland the most frequently occurs in males over age 50.
chronic kidney disease The steady loss of renal duty over month or years.
cystitis one inflammation that the bladder.
cystocele A hernia of the bladder v the quality wall; additionally know as a please bladder.
cystolith A stone in the urinary bladder.
cystopexy The surgical fixation that the bladder to the abdominal wall.
cystoscopy The visual examination the the urinary bladder using a cystoscope.
dialysis A procedure to remove waste products, such together urea, creatinine, as well as excess water from the blood the a patient who kidneys no much longer function.
diuresis The raised output the urine.
end-stage renal disease The last stage that chronic kidney disease.
enuresis The involuntary discharge that urine.
epispadias A congenital abnormality that the urethral opening. In the male v epispadias, the urethral opened is located on the upper surface of the penis; in the female through epispadias, the urethral opening is in the an ar of the clitoris.
extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy The damage of kidney stones through the usage of high-energy ultrasonic waves traveling v water or gel.
glomerulonephritis A type of nephritis brought about by inflammation that the glomeruli that reasons red blood cells and also proteins come leak into the urine.
hemodialysis The procedure by which waste products are filtered directly from the patient’s blood.
hydronephrosis The ede of one or both kidneys together the result of one obstruction the the circulation of urine.
hydroureter The extending out the a ureter through urine, is resulted in by a blockage in the ureter the does not enable the pee to circulation normally.
hyperproteinuria The visibility of abnormally high concentrations of protein in the urine.
hypoproteinemia The visibility of abnormally low concentrations the protein in the blood.
hypospadias A congenital abnormality of the urethral opening. In the male with hypospadias, the urethral opened is on the ventral surface of the penis; in the female through hypopadias, the urethra opens right into the vagina.
incontinence The i can not qualify to regulate the excretion of to pee and/or feces.
interstitial cystitis A chronic inflammation in ~ the wall surfaces of the bladder.
intravenous pyelogram A radiographic research of the kidneys and ureters.
nephrolith A stone located in the kidney.
nephrolithiasis defines the visibility of stones in the kidney.
nephrolysis The surgical releasing of a kidney from adhesions.
nephrons The microscopic functional units of every kidney where urine is developed through the procedures of filtration, reabsorption, and also secretion.
nephropathy Any an illness of the kidney.
nephroptosis The prolapse, or dropping down, the a kidney into the pelvic area once the patience stands.
nephropyosis Suppuration the the kidney.
nephrostomy The placement of a catheter to preserve an opening from the pelvis the one or both kidney to the exterior of the body.
nephrotic syndrome A team of problems in i beg your pardon excessive quantities of protein are lost through the urine.
neurogenic bladder A urinary problem caused by interference with the regular nerve pathways connected with urination.
nocturia Frequent and excessive urination during the night.
nocturnal enuresis Urinary incontinence throughout sleep; likewise known as bed-wetting.
oliguria Scanty urination.
percutaneous nephrolithotomy The surgical removal the a nephrolith v a tiny incision in the back.
peritoneal dialysis The lining of the peritoneal cavity acts together the filter to eliminate waste native the blood.
polycystic kidney an illness aA genetic disorder characterized by the growth of many fluid-filled cysts in the kidneys.
polyuria excessive urination, and is a common symptom that diabetes.
prostatism A disorder resulting from the compression, or obstruction, that the urethra because of benign prostatic hyperplasia.
pyeloplasty The surgical repair of the ureter and also renal pelvis.
pyelotomy A operation incision into the renal pelvis.
suprapubic catheterization The placement of a catheter right into the bladder with a little incision made v the abdominal wall just over the pubic bone.
uremia A toxic problem resulting native renal fail in i beg your pardon kidney duty is compromised and urea and also other waste assets normally secreted in the to pee are maintained in the blood.
ureterectasis The enlargement the a ureter.
ureterolith A stone located all over along the ureter.
ureterorrhagia The discharge the blood from the ureter.
ureterorrhaphy The surgical suturing the a ureter.
urethritis one inflammation the the urethra.
urethropexy The surgical fixation of the urethra to surrounding tissue.
urethrorrhagia Bleeding from the urethra.
urethrostenosis Narrowing of the urethra.
urethrotomy A operation incision right into the urethra for relief that a stricture.
urinary catheterization The insertion that a tube right into the bladder in order come procure a sterile specimen because that diagnostic purposes, or to drainpipe urine.
vesicovaginal fistula an abnormal opening between the bladder and also vagina that allows consistent involuntary circulation of urine from the bladder right into the vagina.


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voiding cystourethrography A diagnostic procedure in i beg your pardon a fluoroscope is provided to examine the circulation of urine from the bladder and through the urethra.
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