Before friend can begin looking right into your business’s profit, you must understand and also know how to calculate price of items sold (COGS). So, where do you begin? Start below by learning all about COGS, including how to determine expense of products sold and what you have the right to use it for.

You are watching: Calculate the cost of goods sold using the following information:

What is cost of goods sold?

Your cost of items sold, additionally known as cost of sales or cost of services, is how much it costs to produce your business’s products or services. COGS incorporate the complying with costs:

Direct laborMaterials to create the good

Cost of items sold only has the prices that go into the production of every product or company you sell (e.g., wood, screws, paint, labor, etc.). As soon as calculating cost of goods sold, execute not incorporate the expense of creating products or services that you nothing sell.

COGS excludes indirect costs, together as distribution expenses. Do not factor things favor utilities, marketing expenses, or shipping fees into the expense of goods sold. Again, COGS only has the manufacturing costs.

COGS vs. Operation expenses

As a organization owner, you’ve most likely heard that operating prices at part point. But, what’s the difference between COGS vs. Operating expenses?

Operating expenses, or OPEX, are prices companies incur during normal service operations to keep the company up and also running. Essentially, operating costs are the opposite of COGS and include selling, general, and administrative expenses.

Chances are, if an cost doesn’t fall under COGS, it commonly falls under operation expenses. Below are a few examples of operating expenses:

RentEquipmentMarketingSalaries and wages (other than straight labor)InsuranceOffice suppliesInsurance

Cost of goods sold formula

Calculating COGS is nice straightforward. To find price of goods sold, use the COGS formula:

COGS = beginning Inventory + Purchases during the period – finishing Inventory

Not certain where to acquire the over information to plug right into the formula? No worries—here’s a malfunction of every little thing you need:

Purchases throughout the period: cost of what girlfriend purchased during the accounting periodEnding inventory: Inventory you did no sell during the period

After you conference the over information, girlfriend can start calculating your price of items sold. Depending upon your business and goals, you might decide to calculate COGS weekly, monthly, quarterly, or annually.

Cost of items sold example

Let’s speak you desire to know your expense of goods sold because that the quarter. Friend record beginning inventory ~ above January 1 and also ending list on march 31 (end of 4 minutes 1 1).

Your business has a start inventory that $15,000. Her purchases complete up to $7,000 for the quarter. And, your ending inventory is $4,000. Find your complete COGS for the quarter making use of the expense of items sold calculation.

COGS = start Inventory + Purchases during the duration – ending Inventory

COGS = $15,000 + $7,000 – $4,000

Your price of goods sold because that the quarter is $18,000.

Calculating gun profit

After determining price of goods sold, friend can uncover your business’s gross profit for the period. Gross profit is the revenue left end after girlfriend deduct the costs of do a product or giving a service. To uncover gross profit, use the complying with formula:

Gross benefit = Revenue – COGS

Let’s say you have revenue the $50,000 for the quarter. Subtract her COGS that $18,000 from $50,000.

Gross benefit = $50,000 – $18,000

Your gross profit for the period is $32,000.


Importance of COGS in business

So, why is your expense of items sold so crucial to her business? Well, her COGS have the right to tell you a lot of of information, including:

How much your profits are for a periodIf you need to change your pricingIf she spending too much on prices to develop the product or service


Again, you can use your price of goods sold to uncover your business’s pistol profit. And when you recognize your gross profit, you deserve to calculate her net profit, i beg your pardon is the amount your service earns after subtracting all expenses.

Knowing your business’s revenues can aid you:

Make gaue won decisionsDetermine if you need to make adjustments


Pricing your products and also services is just one of the best responsibilities you have as a organization owner. And also just choose Goldilocks, you require to discover the price that’s just right for your commodities or services. Otherwise, you can wind up shedding out on profits.

If friend price your assets too high, you may see a decrease in interest and sales. And also if girlfriend price your products too low, you won’t turn sufficient of a profit.

To uncover the sweet spot once it involves pricing, use your cost of items sold. If you know your COGS, friend can collection prices the leave you through a healthy profit margin. And, you can determine once prices on a certain product have to increase.

For example, stop say your price of goods sold because that Product A equals $10. You have to price the product higher than $10 to revolve a profit. If friend price it much less than $10, you will not turn a profit.


Your COGS can likewise tell girlfriend if you’re spending too much on production costs. The greater your manufacturing costs, the greater you must price your product or organization to rotate a profit.

If you notice your production expenses are too high, you can look for means to reduced down top top expenses, such as finding a brand-new supplier.

Accounting for cost of goods sold

You can uncover your price of products sold top top your service income statement. An earnings statement details her company’s earnings or losses over a period of time, and also is among the key financial statements.

On your income statement, COGS appears under your business’s sales (aka revenue). Deduct your COGS from your revenue top top your earnings statement to obtain your pistol profit.

Your COGS also play a duty when it pertains to your balance sheet. The balance paper lists your business’s list under current assets. Usage your balance sheet to uncover your finishing inventory balance.

Cost of products sold account

So, what sort of account is COGS? Is price of goods sold an asset? Liability?

COGS is a type of expense. Prices are prices your organization incurs during operations.

When you produce a COGS journal entry, increase prices with a debit, and decrease them through a credit.

Changes in COGS

Your cost of goods sold can change throughout the accountancy period. COGS relies on transforming costs and also the inventory methods you use.

The three inventory costing methods include:

FIFO (first in, very first out): very first items do or purchased room the first soldLIFO (last in, an initial out): Last products made or purchased space the very first soldAverage cost: calculation average expense per item

The an approach you use depends on your form of inventory. And, the IRS sets details rules for which method you deserve to use and also when you have the right to make changes to your inventory expense method.

If you usage the FIFO method, the an initial goods you market are the ones girlfriend purchased or manufactured first. Generally, this way that you offer your the very least expensive assets first. Together a result, you document a lower price of goods sold.

Under the LIFO method, you market the many recent goods you purchase or manufactured. Through LIFO, your COGS can be higher.

With the mean method, you take it an median of your inventory to identify your price of products sold. This keeps your COGS more level 보다 the FIFO or LIFO methods.

See more: How Much Is It In Spanish ?" How Do You Ask: How Much Is It In Spanish

Need help tracking the number you must calculate her business’s cost of goods sold? Patriot’s accounting software has your back. V Patriot’s virtual accounting, friend can quickly record income and expenses anytime, anywhere. Plus, we sell free, USA-based support. Get your cost-free trial today!

This post has been updated native its initial publication date of august 25, 2015.